Assembly Line Robotic Applications

For over five decades, the manufacturing industry has benefited from using assembly line robots in its various processes. Today, more manufacturers are embracing these machines, and rightfully so because of their dependability, flexibility, accuracy, and efficiency.

You may want to note that assembly procedures before the robotic era were time-consuming and cumbersome. If you are in the industry and have not yet seized these machines, you are missing out on a lot. Here are some applications in your manufacturing plant that could use assembly line robots.

Robotic Vision

With technological advancements, assembly line robots now have human-like features. For instance, a robotic arm complete with “eyes” can help deliver accurate work simply because it can see whatever it is tasked to do.

The robotic arm’s wrist is fitted with a camera that conveys instant feedback regarding the task at hand. That means that with a robot, you can get accurate offsetting when setting up parts because it knows where they are supposed to go.

Installation of parts like windshields and door panels in Automotives are therefore more accurate with robotic vision than with human effort.

Arc and Spot Welding

Arc welding gained momentum in the 1980s that has gradually changed to robot welding over the years. One of the main reasons for switching to robot welding is to prevent industrial workers from inhaling toxic fumes and suffering arc burns. Simply put, robot welding improves worker safety.

The same applies to spot welding where workers are likely to injure themselves from the large currents used to melt metals. 

Cobots work harmoniously with other industrial robots as well as handlers and welders in large assembly lines to keep everything moving. That said, robot handlers would be required to place panels in the right position so that the robot can perform programmed tasks well.

Assembly

In most manufacturing plants, smaller robotic arms can be used in assembling smaller parts in the construction of things like cars. Other tasks like windshield installation, wheel mounting, and screw driving can be done by regular robot arms.

Coating, Sealing, and Painting 

Painting jobs are not easy especially when it comes to automotives and this makes it difficult to find skilled and qualified painters. Moreover, the paints used in manufacturing are usually toxic to inhale. Thankfully, cobots can be used to fill in such voids.

With these machines, you can expect consistency with your industrial paint jobs and you don’t have to worry about your employees inhaling toxic fumes and having to b away from work. Robots also limit waste and work tirelessly thus your business will not experience frequent downtimes.

Part Transfer and Machine Tending 

Some tasks in industrial manufacturing plants are dangerous for human workers. This includes handling molten metal, unloading, and loading CNC machines as well as transferring metal stamps.

Larger industrial robots can easily handle such tasks but that does not mean that smaller cobots cannot be of help if you have a smaller manufacturing plant.

Materials Removal

Unlike humans, assembly line robots can follow an intricate path continuously without making errors or failing. This makes them the perfect companion for trimming and cutting jobs. Lighter robots equipped with force-sensing technology are ideal for such tasks. 

If your business comprises cutting fabric, polishing molds, or trimming getting a collaborative robot will be worth it.

Internal Logistics

Autonomous mobile robots (AMRs) can work in a factory setting because they can easily move parts and raw materials from where they are stored into work areas. You can replace annual processes and save time by using robots to deliver production materials to various workstations on your factory floor.   

These are just some of the numerous robotic applications that you can use in your manufacturing plant today. Of course, there are more advancements in the pipeline as far as assembly line robots so things can only get better from here with reduced prices and faster turnaround times with these machines.

What are some of the most Popular Assembly Line Robots?

Now that you know where cobots can be used in your manufacturing plant, why not learn about the kinds of robots available for your industrial tasks?

Six-axis articulated robots– These kinds of robots offer a broad range of motion for assembly tasks simply because they come with six degrees of freedom just as their name implies. They can also handle smaller part assembly and lighter payloads.

Delta robots– These are perfect for lighter assembly because their payloads are lesser compared to those of other robots. They come with sleek parallel arms and a motorized base that enables them to operate at incredible precision and speed.

This makes them the ideal tools for high-speed, intricate assemblies.

SCARA robots– These come with four axes and are ideal for smaller assembly procedures. Now, SCARA robots do not have the range of motion that six-axis robots do but they can assemble parts moving from point to point.

Because they feature fewer joints, they operate at higher speeds making them one of the fastest robot varieties.

Collaborative robots– These are unique and popular because they can work with humans effortlessly. As such, they can directly assist human workers with assembly tasks especially when the parts are too complex to b handles by humans. 

They can also be used to retrieve parts and hand them to human workers for a faster assembly process.

Bottom Line

Robots can be used virtually in any industry but the manufacturing industry stands to gain a lot from using these machines. Most of the applications in a manufacturing plant can easily and efficiently be handled by an assembly line robot.

There should be no reason why you skimp on these devices because programming and positioning a robot workforce today is easier than it was years ago. If you are looking to cut costs, save time, and enjoy consistency, assembly line robots are the way to go and you don’t have to worry about rendering your workforce obsolete because these machines can work alongside humans effortlessly.